|Status of document:||Proposed Standard. This document is in the midst of open review by the community.|
This document defines the protocol OLAC service providers use to harvest metadata from OLAC data providers. It defines the responses that OLAC data providers must make to the requests of the protocol.
Steven Bird, University of Pennsylvania (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
|Changes since previous version:|
Copyright © 2001 Gary Simons (SIL International) and Steven Bird (University of Pennsylvania). This material may be distributed and repurposed subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
The OLAC protocol for metadata harvesting is based on the protocol developed by the Open Archives Initiative [OAI]. This document assumes familiarity with the OAI protocol.
The implementer of an OLAC data provider must implement the protocol as described by [OAI], plus implement three additional features. The additions are:
support the OAI format for unique identifiers of records
supply an OLAC-specific archive description
support the OLAC-specific metadata standard [OLAC-MS]
The next section of this standard describes these additions to the OAI protocol, and the final section documents the schema for an OLAC-specific archive description.
The OAI protocol for harvesting metadata supports six requests. The additional features of the OLAC metadata harvesting protocol are described below under the request to which they are relevant.
When the metadataPrefix is specified as olac, the <metadata> element of the response must contain an <olac> element that conforms to some version of the XML schema for OLAC metadata [OLAC-MS]. The <olac> element must contain an xmlns attribute specifying the URI that identifies the namespace for the version of the metadata schema that is being used.
An OLAC data provider must conform to the OAI format for building unique identifiers of records and it must supply an OLAC-specific archive description. These requirements are met in the response to the Identify request. The response must contain at least two <description> elements, one containing an <oai-identifier> element to describe the unique identifier format and another containing an <olac-archive> element to describe the archive. The schema for <oai-identifier> is given in Appendix 2 of [OAI]. The schema for <olac-archive> is given below in OLAC archive description.
When the metadataPrefix is specified as olac, this request must respond with at least one record identifier.
This request (when made with no additional parameters) must respond with at least two <metadataFormat> elements, one for the oai_dc prefix required by OAI and another for the olac prefix required by OLAC. The specification for the olac prefix must also contain the URL (at www.language-archives.org) for the canonical version of the OLAC metadata schema that is being used and its corresponding namespace identifier. For instance,
<metadataFormat> <metadataPrefix>olac</metadataPrefix> <schema>http://www.language-archives.org/OLAC/0.4/olac.xsd</schema> <metadataNamespace>http://www.language-archives.org/OLAC/0.4/</metadataNamespace> </metadataFormat>
When the metadataPrefix is specified as olac, every <metadata> element in the response must contain an <olac> element that conforms to some version of the XML schema for OLAC metadata [OLAC-MS]. Each <olac> element must contain an xmlns attribute specifying the URI that identifies the namespace for the version of the metadata schema that is being used.
The OLAC metadata harvesting protocol places no additional requirements on this request. The data provider may supply any response that is valid with respect to the OAI specification.
The Identify request supplies minimal information about an archive, namely, its name, base URL, and administrator email. An OLAC data provider must also return an <olac-archive> element in the response to Identify. This element gives additional information that makes it possible for an OLAC service provider to supply its users with a basic description of a participating archive.
The <olac-archive> element has an obligatory attribute, type, which must have one of two values:
type="personal" indicates that the archive is sponsored and operated by an individual (or a group of individuals)
type="institutional" indicates that the archive is sponsored and operated by an institution
These are the elements within an OLAC archive description:
Optional. The home page of the archive on the Web. This is the home page for human visitors, not the base URL for harvesting.
The name of the person who curates the archive collection. If more than one person has collaborated as personal sponsors of the archive, then this element should contain all the names in the order and format the collaborators want to be cited.
Optional. The job title of the curator within the sponsoring institution (for an institutional archive) or within the institution of affiliation (for a personal archive).
Optional. A mailto: URI giving the email address for contacting the curator of the archive. (Note that this is distinct from the <adminEmail> in the Identify response which is the contact address for the maintainer of the OAI data provider.)
The name of the sponsoring institution (for an institutional archive) or the institution of affiliation (for a personal archive). The field is obligatory. If the curator of a personal archive has no affiliation, then a value of Unaffiliated should be given.
Optional. A URL for the home page of the institution.
Optional. A single paragraph (not to exceed 1000 characters) describing where an archive that houses a collection of physical holdings is located (for instance, include building name, room number, street address). Other information relevant to visiting the collection, such as opening hours or restrictions on access, may also be described. If the archive is purely an on-line repository, do not use this element.
A single paragraph (not to exceed 1000 characters) summarizing the purpose, scope, coverage, and so on of the archive.
A single paragraph (not to exceed 1000 characters) summarizing terms of access to the materials described in the published metadata. The statement should mention restrictions on access, licensing requirements, costs, and so on. Individual metadata records should use the Rights element to document such things for particular archive holdings. The purpose of <access> is to broadly characterize the entire archive.
The schema for validating an OLAC archive description is at http://www.language-archives.org/OLAC/0.4/olac-archive.xsd.
|[OAI]||The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, Version 1.1 (2001-07-02).
|[OLAC-MS]||OLAC Metadata Set.