OLAC Logo OLAC resources in and about the North Efate language

ISO 639-3: llp

The combined catalog of all OLAC participants contains the following resources that are relevant to this language:

Other known names and dialect names: Buninga, North Efate, Emau, Guna, Livara, Nakanamanga, Nguna, Ngunese, Paunangis, Sesake, Tongoa

Use faceted search to explore resources for North Efate language.

Primary texts

  1. ONLINEBoy and Coconut Story: Nguna, Pele (Part 1 continued on tape 202B). Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher). n.d. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC1-202A
  2. ONLINEBoy and Coconut Story: (cont. from tape 202A) Pele, Emau; Trilingual text: Nguna, Pele, Emau (Part 1, cont.on tape 202C). Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (recorder). n.d. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC1-202B
  3. ONLINETrilingual Text: (Part 2, cont. on tape 202B) Nguna, Pele, Emau; Aniwa: Boy and coconuts.. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (recorder). n.d. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC1-202C
  4. ONLINEProdigal Son in Efate Dialects. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (recorder). 1900. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC1-416
  5. ONLINEThe Gospel According to Luke in the language of Efate. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher); Peter Newton (depositor). 1877. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VEFAT501
  6. ONLINECatechism in the language of Efate. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher); Peter Newton (depositor). 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VEFAT502
  7. ONLINETo Capell from Nancy H. Clark.. Nancy H. Clark. 1957. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VMAK16
  8. ONLINEText III translation of 'The Prodigal Son' done by Rev. Dr D. McDonald for his 1877 version of St. Luke in 'Samoa' (Havannah Harbour crossed out) dialect.. Arthur Capell (compiler); Peter Newton (depositor); Rev. Dr D. McDonald (translator). 1900. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VMAK17
  9. ONLINELetter from Nancy H. Clark about Tongoa Island Languages III. Nancy H. Clark. 1957. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VMAK203
  10. ONLINELetters from D. Macdonald about Havannah Harbour language and customs. D. Macdonald. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT101
  11. ONLINELetter from Peter Milne about Nguna language and people. Peter Milne. 1889. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT102
  12. ONLINENotes on Nguna-Efate dialects. J. Graham Miller. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT104
  13. ONLINEThe story of the coconuts in Tongoa language. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher); Peter Newton (depositor). 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT106
  14. ONLINEPsalms in an unidentified language. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher); Peter Newton (depositor). 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT107
  15. ONLINETongoa text. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher); Peter Newton (depositor). 1946. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT108
  16. ONLINENguna.. Arthur Capell (compiler); Peter Newton (depositor). 1900. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT13
  17. ONLINETarikpoamata Natuna Manga.. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT201
  18. ONLINESesake sentences. Arthur Capell. 1866. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT202
  19. ONLINEReview (Draft) of 'Nguna Grammar' by Albert J. Schutz. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT204
  20. ONLINEOriginal Tongoa texts. Usamoli. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT205
  21. ONLINELetter to Dr. Miller inquiring into North Efate dialects and Makura. Arthur Capell. 1946. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT210
  22. ONLINEA list of publications in the Nguna language. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher); Peter Newton (depositor). 1955. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT212
  23. ONLINENotebook containing information about Efate and other South Vanuatu languages. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VSEFAT301
  24. ONLINENguna/Tongoa text. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VSEFAT305
  25. ONLINEProdigal son text in Efate. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher); Peter Newton (depositor). 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VSEFAT306
  26. ONLINEPeter Milne and Jack Tavim̃asoe. Albert Schütz (compiler); Albert Schütz (recorder); Jack Tavim̃asoe (speaker). 1966. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AS1-001
  27. ONLINEString and Voice. Albert Schütz (compiler); Albert Schütz (recorder). 1966. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AS1-002
  28. ONLINENguna elicitation. Albert Schütz (compiler); Albert Schütz (recorder). 1966. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AS1-003
  29. ONLINEConversation Edward and Shem. Albert Schütz (compiler); Albert Schütz (recorder). 1966. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AS1-004
  30. ONLINENguna texts. Albert Schütz (compiler); Albert Schütz (recorder); Jack Tavim̃asoe (speaker). 1966. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AS1-005
  31. ONLINEFarealapa. Albert Schütz (compiler); Albert Schütz (recorder). 1967. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AS1-006
  32. ONLINENguna grammar and texts. Albert Schütz. 1969. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AS1-007
  33. ONLINENguna-Efate (Old Testament). The Long Now Foundation. 1908. London: British and Foreign Bible Society. oai:rosettaproject.org:rosettaproject_llp_gen-1
  34. ONLINEEfate, North Genesis Translation. The Long Now Foundation. n.d. The Rosetta Project: A Long Now Foundation Library of Human Language. oai:rosettaproject.org:rosettaproject_llp_gen-2
  35. ONLINENguna Tongoa Bible. The Long Now Foundation. 1972. The Bible Society in the South Pacific. oai:rosettaproject.org:rosettaproject_llp_gen-3

Lexical resources

  1. ONLINETenses in Tongoa. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VANEIT311
  2. ONLINELexicostatistical study of some Vanuatu languages. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VCGS201
  3. ONLINEVocabularies of New Hebrides Tongues. English-Aneityum-Futuna-Pt Resolution and Kwamera (Tanna I.) Waesial (Tanna I.)-Efatese. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (compiler); Peter Newton (depositor). 1920. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VCOMVO301A
  4. ONLINEBlack notebook. Original material in unknown hand (probably a missionary), augmented later by Capell.. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (data_inputter); Peter Newton (depositor). 1900. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VFN12C
  5. ONLINESpirax note book, N.H. III.. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher); Peter Newton (depositor). 1900. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VFN15
  6. ONLINENguna Phonetic Check List. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (compiler); Peter Newton (depositor). 1900. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT12
  7. ONLINENguna.. Arthur Capell (compiler); Peter Newton (depositor). 1900. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT13
  8. ONLINENguna vocabulary. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher); Peter Newton (depositor). 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT206
  9. ONLINEEfatese vocabulary. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VSEFAT201
  10. ONLINENotebook containing information about Efate and other South Vanuatu languages. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VSEFAT301
  11. ONLINEVocabulary: Tongoan dialect of Efatese.. Arthur Capell (compiler); Peter Newton (depositor). n.d. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VTONNE
  12. ONLINEPOLLEX-Online Resources for Nguna. Simon J. Greenhill (editor); Ross Clark (editor); Bruce Biggs (editor). 2016. POLLEX-Online (http://pollex.org.nz). oai:pollex.org.nz:llp.8

Language descriptions

  1. ONLINEGlottolog 2.7 Resources for North Efate. n.a. 2015. Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. oai:glottolog.org:nort2836
  2. ONLINETenses in Tongoa. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VANEIT311
  3. ONLINELexicostatistical study of some Vanuatu languages. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VCGS201
  4. ONLINEPronoun markers in North Efate languages. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VCGS202
  5. ONLINELetters from D. Macdonald about Havannah Harbour language and customs. D. Macdonald. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT101
  6. ONLINELetter from Peter Milne about Nguna language and people. Peter Milne. 1889. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT102
  7. ONLINESupplementary grammatical materials on Nguna. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT105
  8. ONLINEThe Nguna-Efate dialects. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (compiler). n.d. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT11
  9. ONLINEPerturbation of Word Order. Arthur Capell (compiler); Peter Newton (depositor). 1900. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT14
  10. ONLINENguna grammatical notes. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT203
  11. ONLINENotes on Tongoa language. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT207
  12. ONLINENguna relationship terms by W. V. Milne. W. V. Milne. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT208
  13. ONLINENguna grammatical notes. Arthur Capell. 1999. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT211
  14. ONLINEA list of publications in the Nguna language. Arthur Capell (compiler); Arthur Capell (researcher); Peter Newton (depositor). 1955. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AC2-VNEFAT212
  15. ONLINENguna grammar and texts. Albert Schütz. 1969. Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC). oai:paradisec.org.au:AS1-007
  16. ONLINEA comparative study of the Melanesian Island languages. Ray, Sidney Herbert. 1967. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. oai:rosettaproject.org:rosettaproject_llp_morsyn-1
  17. ONLINEWALS Online Resources for Nguna. n.a. 2008. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. oai:wals.info:ngu

Other resources about the language

  1. ONLINENguna Texts. Schütz, Albert J. 1969. University of Hawaii Press. oai:refdb.wals.info:4797
  2. ONLINENguna Grammar. Schütz, Albert J. 1969. University of Hawaii Press. oai:refdb.wals.info:4838
  3. ONLINEA comparative study of the Melanesian island languages. Ray, Sidney Herbert. 1926. Cambrigde University Press. oai:refdb.wals.info:5190
  4. ONLINEEfate, North: a language of Vanuatu. n.a. 2013. SIL International. oai:ethnologue.com:llp
  5. ONLINEA Comparative Study of the Melanesian Island Languages. Ray, Sidney Herbert. 1967. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. oai:rosettaproject.org:rosettaproject_llp_Contents-1
  6. ONLINELINGUIST List Resources for Efate, North. Damir Cavar, Director of Linguist List (editor); Malgorzata E. Cavar, Director of Linguist List (editor). 2016-06-26. The LINGUIST List (www.linguistlist.org). oai:linguistlist.org:lang_llp

Other resources in the language

  1. ONLINEKuga umai. n.a. 1973. Australia : Scripture Gift Mission. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:500517
  2. ONLINEThe Melanesian possessives and a study in method. Ray, Sidney Herbert, 1858-1939. 1919. [Place of publication not identified]. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:522792
  3. ONLINEA pattern of morphophonemic alternation in Nguna, New Hebrides. The phonetic nature of Fijian consonant correspondences. Schütz, Albert J., 1936-. 1968. [Canberra, Australian National University. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:522816
  4. ONLINEMarriage regulations and kinship in the South Central New Hebrides. Guiart, Jean; École pratique des hautes études (France). 1959. Paris : Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:535321
  5. ONLINEYasu e pasapiseiki; doko navasaana maga go doko nawosiana maga : [Jesus teaches--words and works in Nguna language]. British and Foreign Bible Society. South Pacific. 1971. sl : Bible Society in the South Pacific. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:552230
  6. ONLINENavakilinaana ki tea maumaupauri. n.a. 1972. [Suva] : Bible Society in the South Pacific. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:553555
  7. ONLINEParallel development and shared innovation : a case study from central Vanuatu. Crowley, Terry. 1991. [Place of publication not identified : Publisher not identified. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:593495
  8. ONLINEA comparative study of the Melanesian Island languages. Ray, Sidney Herbert, 1858-1939. 1926. London : Cambridge University Press. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:878758
  9. ONLINENavasaana seara ni English grammar. Michelsen, Oscar. 1913. Melbourne, Arbuckle, Waddell and Fawckner Printers. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:880747
  10. ONLINENguna texts: a collection of traditional and modern narratives from the Central New Hebrides. Schütz, Albert J., 1936-. 1968. [Honolulu] University of Hawaii. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:880762
  11. ONLINENaatusiana sikai nalo ni nagisu ni Maniura. Tavim̃asoe, J. 197-?]. [Narwee, N.S.W., South Pacific Commission Publications Bureau, printed by Valcon Printing Co. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:880764
  12. ONLINEPiakirikiri pati, tusi kerua. Trudinger, Joyce. 1960. [Place of publication not identified] : Pacific Christian Literature Society. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:880769
  13. ONLINEPiakirikiri pati tusi vea. [Nguna (New Hebrides) primer. McRae, S. I. 1959. Sydney. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:880772
  14. ONLINETusi vea. Milne, Peter, 1834-1924. 1880. Guna. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:883408
  15. ONLINEThe Polynesian wanderings; tracks of the migration deduced from an examination of the proto-Samoan content of Efaté and other languages of Melanesia. Churchill, William, 1859-1920. 1911. Carnegie Institution of Washington publication ; 134. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:885481
  16. ONLINETusi ni Salamo Maga pae David Maga : Tea roaana paki navasaana ni Nguna-Tongoa, New Hebrides. n.a. 1912. London : British and Foreign Bible Society. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:901104
  17. ONLINETusi ni Salamo Maga pae David Maga. [The Psalms in Nguna-Tongoa]. n.a. 1955. London, British and Foreign Bible Society. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:903120
  18. ONLINETusi kerua ni Nguna, New Hebrides : Navasaana ki sup̃e e doko asa. n.a. [194-?]. London : Spottiswoode, Ballantyne. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:918627
  19. ONLINEErromanga, the martyr isle. Robertson, H. A. 1902. Toronto : Upper Canada Tract Society. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:1175303
  20. ONLINESongs of Papua-New Guinea. Helfert, Roy. 1974. Milton, [Australia] : Jacaranda Press. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:1335991
  21. ONLINENguna voices : text and culture from Central Vanuatu. Facey, Ellen E., 1954-. 1988. Calgary, Alta., Canada : University of Calgary Press. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:1723712
  22. ONLINEThe Polynesian languages in Melanesia. [With notes on the neighbouring Melanesian languages]. Ray, Sidney Herbert, 1858-1939. 1919. Wien. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:1935814
  23. ONLINE*Leo tuai : a comparative lexical study of north and central Vanuatu languages. Clark, Ross (D. Ross). 2009. Pacific linguistics ; 603. oai:pacific.library.manoa.hawaii.edu:3155725

Other known names and dialect names: Buninga, North Efate, Emau, Guna, Livara, Nakanamanga, Nguna, Ngunese, Paunangis, Sesake, Tongoa

Other search terms: dialect, vernacular, discourse, stories, conversation, dialogue, documentation, lexicon, dictionary, vocabulary, wordlist, phrase book, grammar, syntax, morphology, phonology, orthography


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Up-to-date as of: Mon Jun 27 1:19:12 EDT 2016