OLAC Record

Title:The Dangari tongue of Choke and Machoke: tracing the proto-language of Shina enclaves in the Hindu Kush
Abstract:Data from four little-studied varieties of Indo-Aryan (Southern Palula, Northern Palula, Sawi and Kalkoti) spoken in the Hindu Kush is analyzed and discussed from a historical-comparative perspective. Evidence is presented showing that Kalkoti, until recently only tentatively classified, is part of this particular cluster of closely-related Shina varieties. An attempt is made at reconstructing some phonological and grammatical features of a common source speech, here named Proto-Dangari, and the order in which the present-day varieties may have split off. An important conclusion drawn is that Southern and Northern Palula probably are more distantly related than present-day similarities seem to indicate, the high degree of synchronic similarity instead being due to relatively recent convergence taking place in southern Chitral. It is hypothesized that the present speech communities are the result of two different westward routes of migration, one geographically linking Southern Palula (Ashreti) and Sawi with Chilas, the other linking Northern Palula (Biori) and Kalkoti with Tangir, both located in the same general area of the main Indus Valley.
Contributor (author):Liljegren, Henrik
Date (W3CDTF):2009
Description (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/41715
Extent:pages 7-62
Is Part Of:Acta Orientalia
Language (ISO639):eng
Spatial Coverage (ISO3166):PK
Subject:Kalami language
Phalura language
Shina language
Savi language
Kalkoti language
Indo-Aryan; convergence; vowel alternation; vowel raising; reconstruction; Historical-comparative linguistics
Subject (ISO639):gwc
Type (DCMI):Text


Archive:  SIL Language and Culture Archives
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OaiIdentifier:  oai:sil.org:41715
DateStamp:  2013-04-27
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Search Info

Citation: Liljegren, Henrik. 2009. Acta Orientalia.
Terms: area_Asia area_Europe country_AF country_GB country_PK dcmi_Text iso639_eng iso639_gwc iso639_phl iso639_scl iso639_sdg iso639_xka

Inferred Metadata

Country: AfghanistanPakistan
Area: Asia

Up-to-date as of: Mon Jun 15 4:57:00 EDT 2015