OLAC Record

Title:Laarim (loh) Tone
Abstract:Laarim, a Nilo-Saharan Surmic language, has High and Low level tone and the tone-bearing unit is the syllable. The purpose of this research was to determine the need for orthographic marking of tone distinctions. There are five contrastive tone melodies in noun roots and three in verb roots. Laarim is morphologically rich, having many suffixes in both noun and verb morphology. On these affixes, there is a wide range of tone types, including three tone melodies, five replacement tone melodies, and no underlying tone. In addition, five different suffixes have polar tone, where the surface tone is opposite the stem-final tone. Although the lexical functional load of tone is low and minimal pairs are extremely rare, there is considerable grammatical tone. About 50% of noun roots can be marked for nominative case only by tone. About 20% of verbs distinguish second and third singular persons only by tone.
Contributor (author):Stirtz, Timothy M.
Date (W3CDTF):2011
Description (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/42939
Extent:91 pages
Identifier (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/42939
Is Part Of:SIL Electronic Working Papers 2011-012
Language (ISO639):eng
Publisher:SIL International
Subject:Narim language
orthography; Laarim; Sudan; tone; polar tone; replacement tone; plural formation; case; verb paradigm
Subject (ISO639):loh
Type (DCMI):Text
Type (OLAC):language_description


Archive:  SIL Language and Culture Archives
Description:  http://www.language-archives.org/archive/sil.org
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OaiIdentifier:  oai:sil.org:42939
DateStamp:  2013-04-27
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Search Info

Citation: Stirtz, Timothy M. 2011. SIL Electronic Working Papers 2011-012.
Terms: area_Africa area_Europe country_GB country_SS dcmi_Text iso639_eng iso639_loh olac_language_description

Inferred Metadata

Country: South Sudan
Area: Africa

Up-to-date as of: Mon Jun 15 5:22:11 EDT 2015