OLAC Record

Title:A Grammar Sketch and Lexicon of Arawak (Lokono Dian)

Arawak (Lokono Dian), an Amerindian language in the Arawakan language family, is relatively undescribed. The purpose of this study is to give a general, bottom-up sketch of Arawak. It starts with comments on the phonology, then discusses morphology and syntax, and ends with comments about discourse.

Typologically, Arawak is primarily a right-branching SVO language with postpositions. Most noun modifiers precede their heads, though heavy relative clauses follow. Question words, relative pronouns, and focused constituents appear at the left periphery of the clause.

Of particular interest is an asymmetry involving the distribution of a dummy verb in WH-movement constructions. Subjects, direct objects, time phrases, and locative phrases may be moved without otherwise affecting the structure of a sentence. Focusing or questioning a manner adverbial, or fronting of a negative verb, however, involves the obligatory insertion of a semantically empty dummy verb as the main verb.

This book is a revision of Lokono Dian: The Arawak Language of Suriname: A Sketch of its Grammatical Structure and Lexicon, the author’s Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, 1987.

Contributor (author):Pet, Willem J. A.
Date (W3CDTF):1987
Description (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/43236
Extent:243 pages
Identifier (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/43236
Is Part Of:SIL e-Books 30
Is Version Of (URI):oai:sil.org:9920
Language (ISO639):eng
Publisher:SIL International
Subject:Arawak language
WH-movement; asymmetry; dummy verb
Subject (ISO639):arw
Type (DCMI):Text
Type (OLAC):language_description


Archive:  SIL Language and Culture Archives
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OaiIdentifier:  oai:sil.org:43236
DateStamp:  2013-04-27
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Citation: Pet, Willem J. A. 1987. SIL e-Books 30.
Terms: area_Americas area_Europe country_GB country_SR dcmi_Text iso639_arw iso639_eng olac_language_description olac_lexicon

Inferred Metadata

Country: Suriname
Area: Americas

Up-to-date as of: Mon Jun 15 5:18:52 EDT 2015