OLAC Record

Title:Differential object marking in Tigrinya
Abstract:Tigrinya, a Semitic language spoken in Eritrea and Ethiopia, is one of about 300 known languages world-wide that mark certain direct object nominals while leaving others unmarked. Cross-linguistically, this phenomenon, known as differential object marking (DOM), is most often correlated with the relative definiteness and/or animacy of the object. The divergence among languages in DOM is explained in Optimality Theory by the different ways in which languages resolve the tension between iconicity (favoring marked structures) on the one hand and economy (penalizing marking) on the other hand. Based on a statistical analysis of object marking in a chapter of a contemporary Tigrinya novel, this paper argues that Tigrinya is an example of two-dimensional DOM in which nominal object marking largely correlates with the definiteness and, to a lesser degree, the animacy of the object. The paper also considers the relationship between nominal and verbal object marking.
Contributor (author):Kievit, Dirk
Kievit, Saliem
Date (W3CDTF):2009
Description (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/54068
Extent:pages 45-71
Identifier (URI):http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jall.2009.30.issue-1/jall.2009.004/jall.2009.004.xml
Is Part Of:Journal of African Languages and Linguistics
Language (ISO639):eng
Spatial Coverage (ISO3166):ER
Subject:Tigrinya language
Differential object marking; DOM; Definiteness vs animacy
Subject (ISO639):tir
Type (DCMI):Text
Type (OLAC):language_description


Archive:  SIL Language and Culture Archives
Description:  http://www.language-archives.org/archive/sil.org
GetRecord:  OAI-PMH request for OLAC format
GetRecord:  Pre-generated XML file

OAI Info

OaiIdentifier:  oai:sil.org:54068
DateStamp:  2013-04-27
GetRecord:  OAI-PMH request for simple DC format

Search Info

Citation: Kievit, Dirk; Kievit, Saliem. 2009. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics.
Terms: area_Africa area_Europe country_ET country_GB dcmi_Text iso639_eng iso639_tir olac_language_description

Inferred Metadata

Country: Ethiopia
Area: Africa

Up-to-date as of: Mon Jun 15 5:51:20 EDT 2015