OLAC Record

Title:Metrical Stress in Dinka
Abstract:This paper investigates stress in Dinka, a Western Nilotic language of South Sudan, with particular concern for the relationship between stress and the three contrastive vowel lengths of Dinka. Starting from impressionistic observation of the timing of syllables, it is argued that Dinka stress is predictable and not contrastive, and that Dinka utterances are parsed into feet of the moraic trochee type, which is extended in a straightforward way to accommodate syllables with three degrees of vowel length. In this parse, monosyllabic stems with a short vowel unexpectedly function as heavy syllables, with evidence of a mora on the final consonant in addition to the mora on the vowel. Postulating the foot in Dinka phonology is defended on the basis of its role in vowel centralisation and raising, intensity and high tone placement, consonant gemination, minimal word size, and the historical development of Dinka’s fusional morphology. It is argued that the realisation of Dinka stress does not use the same salient feature on all stressed syllables, but that in syllables with a medium or long vowel, stress is realised by the intrinsic durational prominence of the vowel, and in syllables with a short vowel, stress is realised by intensity on the final mora or by other prominence-enhancing features.
Contributor (author):Norton, Russell
Date (W3CDTF):2014
Description (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/58847
Extent:21 pages
Identifier (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/58847
Is Part Of:SIL Electronic Working Papers 2014-006
Language (ISO639):eng
Publisher:SIL International
Subject:Dinka language
foot; gemination; Nilotic; prosody; stress; vowel length; mora
Subject (ISO639):din
Type (DCMI):Text
Type (OLAC):language_description


Archive:  SIL Language and Culture Archives
Description:  http://www.language-archives.org/archive/sil.org
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OaiIdentifier:  oai:sil.org:58847
DateStamp:  2013-04-27
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Citation: Norton, Russell. 2014. SIL Electronic Working Papers 2014-006.
Terms: area_Europe country_GB dcmi_Text iso639_din iso639_eng olac_language_description

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