OLAC Record

Title:Language use and attitudes among the Jambi Malays of Sumatra

This study examines language use and attitudes in two Jambi Malay communities near the capital city, Jambi, of Jambi Province in Sumatra, a region where many minority languages are at risk for language shift in the context of a rapidly changing society. The main goal of the study is to accept or reject the null hypothesis, which states that usage of Jambi Malay (JM) is relatively high, at least in low domains, and attitudes toward it are positive. In addition, an aim of the study is to discover the impact of the independent variables age, sex, education level, and location relative to the capital city on Jambi Malay language usage and attitudes. Methods used in data gathering consist of a questionnaire and a matched guise test from a total of 293 informants, as well as participant observation. Statistical tests are performed on data from the questionnaire and the matched guise test, primarily to assess whether the independent variables make a statistically significant difference in language use and attitudes. The existence of a mesolect in the capital city is presented, and based on the data it is found that the mesolect (Jambi Indonesian), together with the basilect (Jambi Malay) and the acrolect (Indonesian), form a fairly stable diglossia situation in and around the city. It is also found that each of the independent variables significantly impacts either language usage or attitudes, or both. Especially noteworthy is the finding that the young and the educated generally have lower usage of JM and less positive attitudes towards it, while the women tend to have higher usage of JM and more positive attitudes towards it. Conclusions of Jambi Malay language vitality and recommendations for more focused research are given.

Contributor (author):Anderbeck, Kristen Leigh
Date (W3CDTF):2010
Description (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/9279
Extent:xii, 134 pages
Identifier (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/9279
Is Part Of:SIL e-Books 21
Language (ISO639):eng
Publisher:SIL International
Spatial Coverage (ISO3166):ID
Subject:Jambi Malay language
mesolect; basilecty; Language use
Subject (ISO639):jax
Type (DCMI):Text


Archive:  SIL Language and Culture Archives
Description:  http://www.language-archives.org/archive/sil.org
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OAI Info

OaiIdentifier:  oai:sil.org:9279
DateStamp:  2013-04-27
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Search Info

Citation: Anderbeck, Kristen Leigh. 2010. SIL e-Books 21.
Terms: area_Asia area_Europe country_GB country_ID dcmi_Text iso639_eng iso639_jax

Inferred Metadata

Country: Indonesia
Area: Asia

Up-to-date as of: Mon Jun 15 6:01:19 EDT 2015