OLAC Record

Title:Tonal Diversity in Languages of Papua New Guinea
Abstract:Tone is well known in Asian and African languages, but less so in languages of Papua New Guinea (PNG). The major survey of New Guinean tone systems is Donohue (1997). The present paper introduces published and original data that support several types of tone systems of PNG, distinct from pitch-accent systems. Tone languages of PNG operate on either the word level or syllable level. Word-level tone languages operate in one of two ways. The first is by a limited set of melodies that spread through syllables of the word via standard autosegmental operations. The second type of word tone is that one syllable of a word displays contrastive tone (e.g. H vs. HL), and the remaining syllables’ tone is filled in by default procedures. Other languages of PNG display syllable-based tone, contrastive on each syllable of the word, independently of other syllables. Of particular note are a set of adjectives in the Awa language which obliterate the lexical tone of following words. This work, though produced independently of Donohue’s, largely agrees with his typology.
Contributor (author):Cahill, Michael
Date (W3CDTF):2011
Description (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/42109
Extent:23 pages
Identifier (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/42109
Is Part Of:SIL Electronic Working Papers 2011-008
Language (ISO639):eng
Publisher:SIL International
Subject:Awa (Papua New Guinea) language
Awad Bing language
Fasu language
Gadsup language
Rumu language
Dadibi language
Mian language
Narak language
Siane language
word-level tone; syllable tone; Trans-New Guinea
Subject (ISO639):awb
Type (DCMI):Text
Type (OLAC):language_description


Archive:  SIL Language and Culture Archives
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OaiIdentifier:  oai:sil.org:42109
DateStamp:  2013-04-27
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Search Info

Citation: Cahill, Michael. 2011. SIL Electronic Working Papers 2011-008.
Terms: area_Europe area_Pacific country_GB country_PG dcmi_Text iso639_awb iso639_bcu iso639_eng iso639_faa iso639_gaj iso639_klq iso639_mps iso639_mpt iso639_nac iso639_snp olac_language_description

Inferred Metadata

Country: Papua New Guinea
Area: Pacific

Up-to-date as of: Mon Jun 15 4:51:17 EDT 2015