OLAC Record

Title:Relative clauses in Suriname creoles and Gbe languages
Abstract:Two creoles of Suriname, Ndyuka and Saramaccan, are compared with each other and with Western Gbe, Eastern Gbe, and other languages of West Africa with respect to relative clause formation. Relativization strategies are described for the syntactic positions subject, direct object, and indirect object, and the semantic roles benefactive, locative, temporal, comitative, instrumental, comparative, and possessor. Omission of relative markers (REL), headless relatives, and other uses of REL are also compared. This comparison shows significant differences between the Suriname creoles, principally the presence of number marking on RELs in Saramaccan vs. its absence in Ndyuka, and the wider distribution of relative markers derived from interrogative forms in Ndyuka than in Saramaccan. Some of these differences parallel differences between the Western and Eastern Gbe languages examined, strongly indicating a greater Western Gbe influence on relativization in Saramaccan vs. a greater influence of Eastern Gbe in Ndyuka. A brief examination of the non-Gbe Kwa language Akan and the non-Kwa language Kabiye, both of potential relevance to Suriname creoles in terms of extralinguistic history, shows that neither of these resemble the Suriname creoles with regard to relativization nearly as much as the Gbe languages do.
Contributor (author):Huttar, George L.
Aboh, Enoch O.
Ameka, Felix K.
Description:This article is available for purchase online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2013.01.009.
Description (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/52727
Extent:49 pages
Identifier (URI):http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/52727
Is Part Of:Lingua
Language (ISO639):eng
Spatial Coverage (ISO3166):GH
Subject:Eastern Maroon Creole language
Kabiyè language
Saramaccan language
Suriname creoles; Ndyuka; Gbe languages; relativization; substrate; creole syntax
Subject (ISO639):djk
Type (DCMI):Text
Type (OLAC):language_description


Archive:  SIL Language and Culture Archives
Description:  http://www.language-archives.org/archive/sil.org
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OAI Info

OaiIdentifier:  oai:sil.org:52727
DateStamp:  2013-04-27
GetRecord:  OAI-PMH request for simple DC format

Search Info

Citation: Huttar, George L.; Aboh, Enoch O.; Ameka, Felix K. 1968-2013. Lingua.
Terms: area_Africa area_Americas area_Europe country_GB country_SR country_TG dcmi_Text iso639_djk iso639_eng iso639_kbp iso639_srm olac_language_description

Inferred Metadata

Country: SurinameTogo
Area: AfricaAmericas

Up-to-date as of: Mon Jun 15 5:09:10 EDT 2015